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Saturday, August 2, 2014

Liferay:Quick Reference to Asynchronous Message Bus

There are needs in practical scenario when it’s needed to do some huge processing in the background. It’s like some command is given to do something, while the application is not waiting for the response, such as sending bulk emails, handling scheduler’s requests, processing some data etc. Asynchronous message bus is great way to achieve this kind of requirement in Liferay.

The Message Bus is a mechanism for sending message payloads to different components in Liferay, providing loose coupling between message producers and consumers to prevent class loading issues. It’s located in the global class loader, making it accessible to every deployed web application. Remote messaging isn’t supported, but messages are sent across a cluster when ClusterLink is enabled.

Following are the message bus components which we'll use while implementing it:
  1. Message Bus: Manages transfer of messages from message senders to message listeners.
  2. Destinations: Addresses or endpoints to which listeners register to receive messages.
  3. Listeners: Consume messages received at destinations. They receive all messages sent to their registered destinations.
  4. Senders: Invoke the Message Bus to send messages to destinations.
We have to follow the steps given below, to create a message bus in Liferay:

Step 1: First of all we need to create messaging-spring.xml in /src/META-INF of your plug-in portlet. If you don’t have a service builder in the portlet, then you won't be having this META-INF folder, in that case you have to create a dummy service for the same. Now we have to put the following contents in this file:


Step 2: Now we have to make entry of this file in spring config. To do so, we have to open the service.properties file and make the entry of this file in "spring.configs" property.

Step 3: What remains wow is to create a class which should process the messages. This class must inherit the class MessageListener and should also implement method receive. (Please help yourself with proper imports)


Step 4: All set, now use the following code invoke this listener from your code from action class, scheduler etc. from wherever you want.

Thanks for reading.

Ref: Liferay Message Bus

Saturday, April 5, 2014

Liferay: Connecting Portlet to an External Database Table

Sometimes we need to fetch data from two different databases in one project. There are several approaches, such as creating a new hibernate/spring session or fetching through web services. Both have their advantage and disadvantages. This article explains how we can create another session for fetching data from a database which is not configured as the portal's default database, but as some other (custom).
The problem with this approach is with the table creation, which is Liferay's obvious behavior. Why? I'll explain this in the end of this article.

1. First of all, create a new portlet with a service.xml file. Now build the service. For example, we create the following service. Here we need to know that the data-source value specifies the target data source which is the persistence class. The session-factory value specifies the session factory which is also set to the persistence class.The tx-manager value specifies the transaction manager which is used by Spring services. Rest of the things are pretty standard.

2. As we have built the service, Now its time to create table in the external database we're going to connect our portlet.

3. Now we have to supply the database connection details to our code. We can hardcode the database connection details directly in XML file directly, but its handy if  use the approach Liferay uses, i.e. through property file. So, lets just create some custom entries in portal-ext.properties file, not to mention you have to change the connection details as per your's:
4. As connection details now available, we have to use them to create a new session. So, for this we have to do spot the spring-ext.xml file which gets generated as soon as we build the service. The path of this file is: \docroot\WEB-INF\src\META-INF. We have to add the following entries in the end of this file:
Now we are done. We can now simple write LocalServiceInple code to access data from external database's table.

For the security reason, Liferay does not allow to create new table ontside the default DB. If you want to analyze liferay SRC, you can see the ServiceBuilder class's _createSQLTables method, where there is a condition check for default database.

You can download sample portlet from here. Hope this article will help you.

Thursday, August 15, 2013

A Note of Liferay Portlet URLs

In a portlet, we get our code executed by two ways - at the time of rendering of the portlet and another on some action which is generally a form submit or some event. For getting the same done, we have three different URLs in Liferay:
  1. Render URL (which is portlet URL and responsible for rendering of the portlet and in typical MVC portlet, the code of method doView() is executed)
  2. Action URL (which is also portlet URL and responsible for performing some action with page reload and in typical MVC portlet, the code method processAction() is executed, and is followed by renderRequest)
  3. Resource URL (which is NOT a portlet URL but it extends the same base URL, is responsible for performing some action without page reload i.e. Ajax and in typical MVC portlet, the code of method serveResource() is executed and is NOT followed bt render request, Resource Serving was not available in JSR168 but its avaible in JSR286.
We can create these URL mainly by four approaches:
  1. Using TagLib
  2. Using Java
  3. Using Javascript (AUI)
  4. Using Velocity

Now we'll see how we can create these three type of URLs with the above four approaches considering that you have done all necessary imports:

1. Using Taglib

Render URL:
here we are setting the window state of the portlet to maximum and a custom parameter(message).
Action URL:
Resource URL:

2. Using Java

Render URL:
Using RenderResponse:
Using PortletUrlFactory:
Action URL:
Using RenderResponse:

Using PortletUrlFactory:
Resource URL:
Using RenderResponse:
Using PortletUrlFactory:

3. Using Javascript (AUI)
Render URL:

Action URL:

Resource URL:

The following can be set on these portlet URL methods:
  • setCopyCurrentRenderParameters: function(copyCurrentRenderParameters);
  • setDoAsUserId: function(doAsUserId);
  • setEncrypt: function(encrypt);
  • setEscapeXML: function(escapeXML);
  • setLifecycle: function(lifecycle);
  • setName: function(name);
  • setParameter: function(key, value);
  • setPlid: function(plid);
  • setPortletConfiguration: function(portletConfiguration);
  • setPortletId: function(portletId);
  • setPortletMode: function(portletMode);
  • setResourceId: function(resourceId);
  • setSecure: function(secure);
  • setWindowState: function(windowState);
  • toString: function();

4. Using velocity: Here we have to replace correct portletId and plid for getting the URL generated correctly.
Render URL:
Action URL:
Resource URL:
Hope you enjoyed the read.